Drug rehab is the generic term for the place that provides substance addiction treatment. Generally known as a drug treatment center or rehab facility provides a combination of therapies to help drug addicts recover. Drug rehab programs can be inpatient or outpatient, either short-term or long-term.
For many alcohol and substance addicts, drug rehabilitation center provides a professional, structured first step to recovery. It helps in improving their physical/mental health, and general well-being, which is vital to maintaining a successful and ongoing recovery from substance addiction.
TYPES OF TREATMENTS FOR DRUG REHABILITATION
When it comes to rehab centers, there are many different treatments available. For example, if someone is suffering from a strong addiction to a powerful drug, eg. heroin, you may need to undergo a detox program (cleansing the body of drug toxins) before drug rehabilitation can begin.
Additionally, others may choose an inpatient (resident) drug rehab program or an outpatient drug rehab program, where detoxification is included in treatment. Upon completion of the drug addiction treatment program, it is recommended that individuals continue their recovery by attending support groups and therapy sessions.
DRUG REHABILITATION PROGRAMS FOR INBOUND PATIENTS
Inpatient drug rehab programs offer drug addiction treatment in a residential center or facility, thus, the patient focuses 100% on his therapy and the beginning of his recovery. This eliminates the triggers or temptations to relapse that exist in a normal environment, the patient receives constant care 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (if necessary).
The inpatient environment offered can vary widely, from a 5-star hotel type facility with all the comforts and luxuries to the simple and sterile environment of a typical hospital ward. However, the vast majority of drug rehab centers fall between the two extremes, providing a welcoming, warm and friendly environment for patients to feel comfortable and relaxed while receiving their treatment.
Inpatient drug rehab programs offer a high probability of successful and long-term recovery as they allow the patient to fully participate in their treatment and improve their health. In addition, patients can learn to enjoy their free time in a way that does not involve substance use.
OUTPATIENT REHABILITATION PROGRAMS
Outpatient drug rehab programs offer the same drug and alcohol addiction treatment as an inpatient program, but without the residential element. Instead, patients access their treatment by attending an outpatient drug rehab center or facility at specific times of the day; this can range from a full day to set appointment times.
Outpatient drug addiction treatment programs are also offered at different levels of care, ranging from partial hospitalization (PHP) programs. Intensive Outpatient Programs (PAI) to simply outpatient programs. These different levels of care are determined by a combination of the patient’s clinical assessment and the number of hours per week that someone can dedicate to their drug addiction treatment; for example, a mother with young children could not commit to a higher level of treatment, while an unemployed person probably could.
In general, outpatient rehabilitation programs at rehabilitation centres johannesburg are held several days a week and during a few hours of the day. Depending on the rehab center, treatment schedules can be very flexible, allowing an outpatient to continue working or attending school while still receiving treatment.
However, with an outpatient program, the person can still live in an environment that facilitates substance use. Outpatient programs are most effective when they are part of an overall addiction treatment plan that provides ongoing care for the person beginning drug rehab.
The principles of effective drug addiction treatment
Obviously, whether inpatient or outpatient drug and alcohol rehab is the most appropriate form of addiction treatment depends largely on each individual’s personal circumstances. However, any drug rehab program, whether inpatient or outpatient, must address the following principles of effective drug addiction treatment (based on scientific research from the mid-1970s):
Addiction is a complex and chronic disease, which primarily affects an individual’s brain function and behavior. but it is TREATABLE
A single treatment is not the right thing to do for every individual
People require fast and unhindered access to treatment
Effective treatment addresses 100% of the patient’s health needs, not just drug use
Staying in treatment long enough is essential for recovery
Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment
Medications are an important part of treatment (known as physician-assisted therapy or MAT), especially when used in conjunction with behavioral therapies.
Treatment plans should be periodically reviewed and modified to meet the changing needs of the patient
Treatment should address other possible diagnosed or present mental disorders (known as dual diagnosis or coexisting disorder )
Physician-assisted detoxification is only the first stage of treatment
Treatment does not have to be voluntary to be effective
Any drug used during treatment must be rigorously and continuously monitored
Treatment programs should screen patients for HIV / AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as standard clinical practice, as well as teach patients about steps to take to reduce the high risk of infection from these diseases
OTHER FORMS AND ELEMENTS OF TREATMENT FOR DRUG ADDICTION
In addition to the drug addiction treatment provided in inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation programs, there are other forms of addiction treatment or services available, which are typically part of an individual’s ongoing care. These are:
Before recovery process from any addiction can begin, it is imperative that the person being treated is 100% free of the substance they were using, as well as any toxins in the body that may have been accumulated in the body by regular drug use. Detox allows for the safe removal of substances accumulated in the body as the result of drug abuse. It is often the first step for anyone who wants to give up a moderate or severe addiction.
Sober living homes
For an inpatient, sober living homes provide a direct link between residency, the program, and a return to normal life in their own home. These houses provide a safe, structured and sober environment for those who need more time to adjust to a sober way of life.
Medications used in drug addiction treatment (MAT)
During detoxification and throughout drug addiction treatment, patients are sometimes prescribed specific medications to help with their recovery process. These drugs are used to:
Manage withdrawal symptoms
Additional treatment for a coexisting mental health disorder.
Medications for addiction treatment (MAT) are not a substitute for comprehensive treatment; they are only effective when used in conjunction with a program.
Faith-based drug addiction treatment
For some people in whom religion plays an important role in their lives and therefore prefer a more spiritual approach to their addiction treatment, faith-based rehab centers offer specialized programs and facilities, which focus on religious beliefs. .
HOW DOES DRUG REHABILITATION WORK?
It is important to remember that addiction is defined medically as “ a chronic relapsing brain disorder ” that, like other chronic diseases of the same medical group, such as type I diabetes, hypertension and asthma, requires continuous treatment to control its symptoms.
Drug rehab works and there is clear evidence that it does, but it does not cure. In fact, it will never cure the chronic disease of addiction – that is, until medical science develops a magic pill to cure addiction once and for all, a breakthrough that is certainly not even remotely on the horizon.
However, drug rehab works where possible:
Clinically assessing the patient’s needs: once contact has been established with a drug rehab center , usually by phone or online conversation, people are invited to the center for a clinical assessment of their addiction; From this assessment, you can determine the level of care that is needed, for example. Inpatient or outpatient
Providing a personalized drug addiction treatment plan
Safely detoxifying a substance addicted patient
Providing medications (see below), as and when needed
Providing a safe and drug-free environment that allows the patient to fully focus on their recovery ( inpatient rehabilitation only )
Providing a variety of therapies to improve the physical and mental health of the patient, including personalized counseling, specialized therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exercise and nutrition
Teaching the patient necessary strategies and tools that have been proven to control cravings and relapse triggers
Recommending the next stage for addiction recovery, for example. an outpatient program if necessary.
Providing the patient with a relapse prevention plan upon leaving the program.
Like the other chronic diseases mentioned above, drug addiction patients can and do relapse. Being a relapsing brain disorder, relapse of addiction should be more likely. However, for those who attend drug rehab, here is how addiction compares statistically to these others:
The relapse rate for type 1 diabetes is between 30-50%
The relapse rate for drug addiction is between 40-60%
The relapse rate for hypertension or asthma is between 50-70%
The drug rehabilitation center’s main mission is to assist victims of addiction to recover and reintegrate into society. Rehabilitation is an extremely long process that requires determination, tenacity, and courage on the part of those affected, moreover, it also requires trained professionals to treat the symptoms derived from continuous drug use. The first thing to do during the treatments carried out by such centers is to remove the focus that causes dependency and tolerance. After successful detoxification, the patient will go through a behavioral facet, the intention of which is to change the habits of the affected person so that they do not relapse into addiction.
If you suffer or know someone who suffers from addiction, visit rehabilitation centres johannesburg nearest drug rehab center which will help them overcome their problem and regain the desire to live with quality.